List of heads of the Serbian Orthodox Church
Archbishop of Pe? and Serbian Patriarch
since 19 February 2021
|Residence||Building of the Patriarchate, Belgrade|
|First holder||Sava (Archbishop) |
Joanikije II (Patriarch)
|Established||1219 (Archbishopric) |
1346 and 1920 (Patriarchate)
This article lists the heads of the Serbian Orthodox Church, since the establishment of the church as an autocephalous archbishopric in 1219 to today's patriarchate. The list includes all the archbishops and patriarchs that led the Serbian Orthodox Church under the Serbian Archbishopric and Serbian Patriarchate of Pe?. Today, the church is unified under a patriarch who is officially styled as Archbishop of Pe?, Metropolitan of Belgrade and Karlovci, and Serbian Patriarch. Patriarch Porfirije acceded to this position on 19 February 2021.
The autocephalous Serbian Archbishopric was founded in 1219 by Sava, under the authority of the ecumenical patriarch of Constantinople. In 1346, when Stefan Du?an proclaimed himself emperor, he also elevated the archiepiscopal see of Pe? to the rank of a patriarchate, creating the Serbian Patriarchate of Pe?. This was only recognized by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople in 1375.
After the Ottoman conquest of the Serbian Despotate in 1459, the patriarchate gradually lost its importance. At times the church was forced by the Ottoman government to install Greeks in the office. From 1766 to 1920 the patriarchate was abolished and all ecclesiastical jurisdiction was given to the patriarch of Constantinople. A metropolitan see was maintained in Belgrade from 1766 afterwards. There were also independent Serbian Orthodox sees based in Karlovci and in Montenegro.
In 1920, the church was reunified and the patriarchy was reestablished with the see moving to Belgrade, but retaining the lineage of the throne of Saint Sava in Pe?. The patriarch holds ecclesiastical authority over the Orthodox Church in the territory of the former Yugoslavia, and also over the Serbian Orthodox diaspora in Western Europe, Australia, and the Americas.
Currently, the style of the head of the Serbian Orthodox Church is "Archbishop of Pe?, Metropolitan of Belgrade and Karlovci, and Serbian Patriarch" (忘把抒我快扭我扼抗抉扭 扭快?抗我, 技我找把抉扭抉抖我找 忌快抉忍把忘忱扼抗抉-抗忘把抖抉志忘折抗我 我 扭忘找把我?忘把抒 扼把扭扼抗我). The short title is "Serbian Patriarch" (扭忘找把我?忘把抒 扼把扭扼抗我). Historically, various styles have been used.
Archbishop Sava (s. 1219每33) was styled "Archbishop of Serb Lands" and "Archbishop of Serb Lands and the Littoral" in the Vranjina charter, while Domentijan (fl. 1253) used the style "Archbishop of all the Serbian and coastal lands" when speaking of Sava. The fresco of Sava at Mile?eva calls him "the first Archbishop of All Serb and Diocletian Lands". Archbishop Sava III (s. 1309每16) was styled "Archbishop of All Serb and Littoral Lands".
|Venerated to sainthood||Also served as Metropolitan of Karlovci|
|Also served as Metropolitan of Belgrade||Current Serbian Patriarch|
|Serbian Archbishopric (1219–1346)|
|1219每1233||First Archbishop of the autocephalous Serbian Church.|
Seated at ?i?a.
Styled "Archbishop of Serb Lands and the Littoral".
Born at Ras as Rastko Nemanji? / 妓忘扼找抗抉 妖快技忘?我?.
Moved the seat to Pe? amid foreign invasion.
Born in Syrmia.
Born at Ras as Predislav Nemanji? / 妤把快忱我扼抖忘志 妖快技忘?我?.
|1271每1272||Replaced due to unknown reason.|
|1272每1276||Disciple of Sava II. Buried at Sopo?ani.|
|Seat vacant 1276–1279|
|1279每4 January 1286||Moved the seat to ?i?a in 1285.|
Relics buried at Patriarchate of Pe?.
Born in Budimlje.
|1286每1292||Moved the seat to Pe? in 1291 amid foreign invasion, likely final transfer.|
|1292每1309||Established seven new eparchies.|
|1309每1316||Styled "Archbishop of All Serb and Maritime Lands".|
|1316每1324||Co-founder of the Vratna monastery.|
|3 January 1338每6 April 1346||Elevated to Patriarch.|
Born in Prizren.
|First Serbian Patriarchate of Pe? (1346–1463)|
|6 April 1346每3 September 1354||First Patriarch of the Serbian Church.|
Elevated during the coronation of Emperor Du?an.
Seated at Pe?.
Styled "Archbishop of Pe? and Patriarch of all Serb Lands and the Maritime".
Born in Prizren.
|3 October 1375每1380||First tenure.|
|1380每11 August 1389|
|First Ottoman abolishment (1463–1557)[A]|
|See vacant due to Ottoman abolition and transfer of jurisdiction to Archbishopric of Ohrid|
|1508||Mentioned as "Guardian of the Throne of Saint Sava".|
|1524||Styled "Serbian Metropolitan".|
|1526每1541||Styled "Metropolitan of Smederevo".|
Attempted to restore Serbian Patriarchate on few occasions between 1526 and 1541, succeeding briefly.
|Second Serbian Patriarchate of Pe? (1557–1766)|
|1557每1571||Seated at Pe?.|
Full style "Archbishop of Pe? and Patriarch of Serbs and Bulgarians"
Basic style "Archbishop of Pe? and Serbian Patriarch".
Born in Vi?egrad, surnamed Sokolovi? (妊抉抗抉抖抉志我?).
|1571每1575||Surnamed Sokolovi? (妊抉抗抉抖抉志我?).|
|1575每1586||Surnamed Sokolovi? (妊抉抗抉抖抉志我?).|
|1586||Born in Prijepolje, surnamed Sokolovi? (妊抉抗抉抖抉志我?).|
|1592每1613||Surnamed Kantul (妞忘扶找批抖).|
|1614每1647||Born in Janjevo.|
|1648每1655||Born in ?titkovo, surnamed Raji? (妓忘?我?).|
|1655每1674||Born in Skopje.|
|1674每1690 (1706)||Leader of the First Serbian Migration into the Habsburg Monarchy. After 1690, reorganized and headed the branch of the Serbian Church in the Habsburg Monarchy.|
Born in Cetinje, surnamed ?arnojevi? (完忘把扶抉?快志我?).
Maintained the Serbian Patriarchate in turbulent times after the First Serbian Migration from the Ottoman Empire.
Born in Skopje.
|1712每1725||Surnamed Rajovi? (妓忘?抉志我?).|
|1725每1737||Leader of the Second Serbian Migration into the Habsburg Monarchy.|
Born in Pe?, surnamed Jovanovi? ?akabenta (?抉志忘扶抉志我? 宋忘抗忘忌快扶找忘).
Afterwards reigned as Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, from 1761 to 1763.
Surnamed Karad?a (妞忘把忘?忘).
|1746每1752||Born in Skopje, surnamed Gavrilovi? (坐忘志把我抖抉志我?).|
|1752||Born in Sarajevo, surnamed Mihajlovi? (妙我抒忘?抖抉志我?).|
|1752每1758||Bynamed Nikolin (妖我抗抉抖我扶).|
|1758||Surnamed Stefanovi? (妊找快扳忘扶抉志我?).|
|1763每1765||Surnamed Jovanovi?-Brki? (?抉志忘扶抉志我?-坎把抗我?).|
Resigned as Patriarch, effectively abolishing the post and relegating it to the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople.
|Second Ottoman abolishment (1766–1920)|
|After the Ottoman Empire abolished the Serbian Patriarchate of Pe? for the second and final time in 1766, the Serbian Orthodox population within the Ottoman Empire was subject to the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople until 1920. Due to the Great Turkish War between the Ottoman Empire and the Holy League, a large number of Serbs migrated to the Habsburg Monarchy in 1690. This caused the establishment of a metropolitanate in Karlovci in 1708. This see was elevated to a patriarchate in 1848, as a reward to Serbs who supported the Habsburgs during the 1848每49 revolutions. After the founding of the Principality of Serbia, the autonomous Metropolitanate of Belgrade was created in 1831, under the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. It gained full autocephaly in 1879 and merged in 1920 with the Patriarchate of Karlovci and the Metropolitanate of Montenegro to form the unified Serbian Orthodox Church.|
|Serbian Patriarchate of Belgrade (Pe?) (1920–present)|
|12 September 1920||6 April 1930||First Patriarch of the reunified Serbian Church.|
Seated at Belgrade.
Styled "Archbishop of Pe?, Metropolitan of Belgrade and Karlovci, and Serbian Patriarch"[B]
Born in Po?arevac as Dimitrije Pavlovi? / 坏我技我找把我?快 妤忘志抖抉志我?.
|12 May 1930||23 July 1937||Died under unclear circumstances (possible poisoning).|
Born in Pljevlja as Petar Rosi? / 妤快找忘把 妓抉扼我?.
|21 February 1938||7 May 1950||Commonly known as Gavrilo.|
Born in Vrujci as Gavrilo Do?i? / 坐a志把我抖o 坏o忪我?.
|1 July 1950||5 July 1958||Died under unclear circumstances (possible poisoning).|
Commonly known as Vikentije.
Born in Ba?ko Petrovo Selo as Vitomir Prodanov / 圾我找抉技我把 妤把抉忱忘扶抉志.
|14 September 1958||30 November 1990||Longest reigning Patriarch (32 years, 1 month, 17 days).|
The only retired Patriarch during his life; died on 27 August 1991.
Born in Jo?ani?ka Banja as Hranislav ?ori? / 孚把忘扶我扼抖忘志 ?抉把我?.
|1 December 1990||15 November 2009||Born in Ku?anci as Gojko Stoj?evi? / 坐抉?抗抉 妊找抉?折快志我?.|
|23 January 2010||20 November 2020||Born in Vidova as Miroslav Gavrilovi? / 妙我把抉扼抖忘志 坐忘志把我抖抉志我?.|
|19 February 2021||Incumbent||Born in Be?ej as Prvoslav Peri? / 妤把志抉扼抖忘志 妤快把我?.|
- Serbian Orthodox Church
- Patriarchate of Pe? (monastery)
- Archbishopric of Belgrade and Karlovci
- Metropolitanate of Belgrade
- Metropolitanate of Karlovci
- Patriarchate of Karlovci
- Metropolitanate of Montenegro and the Littoral
- Byzantine Catholic Church of Croatia and Serbia
- Religion in Serbia
- Religion in Vojvodina
- A The Ottomans did not recognize the official title of "Archbishop of Pe? and Serbian Patriarch". However, church records still record these three men as Patriarchs even though they did not serve in full title. They were still known as the guardians or protectors of the "throne of Saint Sava".
- B The patriarchs hold the title of Archbishop of Pe?, Metropolitan of Belgrade and Karlovci, and Serbian Patriarch and are considered the successors to the Patriarchal throne of Pe?. However, the Patriarchy is based in Belgrade, Serbia.
- "Metropolitan Porfirije of Zagreb and Ljubljana elected for a new Patriarch of Serbia". spc.rs. 18 February 2021. Retrieved 19 February 2021.
- "His Holiness Porfirije, Archbishop of Pec, Metropolitan of Belgrade and Karlovci and Serbian Patriarch enthroned". spc.rs. 19 February 2021. Retrieved 19 February 2021.
- Miklosich 1858, pp. 18每19.
- Radovan Samard?i?; Milan Du?kov (1993). Serbs in European civilization. Nova. p. 27. ISBN 978-86-7583-015-3.
- Svetislav Mandi? (1986). Velika gospoda sve srpske zemlje i drugi prosopografski prilozi. Srpska knji?evna zadruga. p. 69.
- Miklosich 1858, pp. 76每77, 82每83.
- Marjanovi? 2001, p. 73.
- Slijep?evi? 2002. sfn error: no target: CITEREFSlijep?evi?2002 (help)
- Bogdanovi? 1972, p. 29.
- "Patriarch of Serbia reposed in the Lord". spc.rs. 23 November 2009. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
- "Bishop of Nis Irinej elected for a new Patriarch of Serbia". spc.rs. 22 January 2010. Retrieved 19 February 2021.
- "Enthronement of Patriarch Irinej of Serbia". spc.rs. 23 January 2010. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
- "Serbian Patriarch Irinej reposed in the Lord". spc.rs. 20 November 2020. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
- Slijep?evi?, Djoko (1962). 妒扼找抉把我?忘 妊把扭扼抗快 扭把忘志抉扼抖忘志扶快 扯把抗志快 (History of the Serbian Orthodox Church). 抗?. 1. 妙我扶抒快扶: 妒扼抗把忘.
- Slijep?evi?, Djoko (1966). 妒扼找抉把我?忘 妊把扭扼抗快 扭把忘志抉扼抖忘志扶快 扯把抗志快 (History of the Serbian Orthodox Church). 抗?. 2. 妙我扶抒快扶: 妒扼抗把忘.
- Slijep?evi?, Djoko (1986). 妒扼找抉把我?忘 妊把扭扼抗快 扭把忘志抉扼抖忘志扶快 扯把抗志快 (History of the Serbian Orthodox Church). 抗?. 3. 妞快抖扶: 妒扼抗把忘.
- Bogdanovi?, Dimitrije (1972). Likovi svetitelja (in Serbian). Glavni savez udru?enog pravoslavnog sve?tenstva SFRJ.
- Du?i?, Ni?ifor (1894). Istorija Srpske pravoslavne crkve od prvijeh desetina VII v. do na?ih dana (in Serbian). Dr?. stamp Kralj. Srbije.
- Marjanovi?, ?edomir (2001). Istorija Srpske crkve. Ars Libri.
- Miklosich, Franz (1858). Monumenta Serbica spectantia historiam Serbiae, Bosnae, Ragusii. Vienna: apud Guilelmum Braum邦ller.
- Pavlovich, Paul (1989). The History of the Serbian Orthodox Church. Serbian Heritage Books. ISBN 978-0-9691331-2-4.
- Sava, Bishop of ?umadija (1996). Srpski jerarsi: od devetog do dvadesetog veka (in Serbian). Evro.
- Serbian Orthodox Church, history at spc.rs
- Pages on most of the Serbian Patriarchs (in Serbian)
- Kosovo.com: another list of Serbian Patriarchs
- Hierarchical Succession of the Patriarchal See of Serbia from the Orthodox Research Institute