List of heads of the Serbian Orthodox Church

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Archbishop of Pe? and Serbian Patriarch
Archbishopric
orthodox
46 Patriarch of Serbia cropped.jpg
Incumbent:
Porfirije
since 19 February 2021
StyleHis Holiness
Location
ResidenceBuilding of the Patriarchate, Belgrade
Information
First holderSava (Archbishop)
Joanikije II (Patriarch)
Established1219 (Archbishopric)
1346 and 1920 (Patriarchate)
Website
spc.rs

This article lists the heads of the Serbian Orthodox Church, since the establishment of the church as an autocephalous archbishopric in 1219 to today's patriarchate. The list includes all the archbishops and patriarchs that led the Serbian Orthodox Church under the Serbian Archbishopric and Serbian Patriarchate of Pe?. Today, the church is unified under a patriarch who is officially styled as Archbishop of Pe?, Metropolitan of Belgrade and Karlovci, and Serbian Patriarch. Patriarch Porfirije acceded to this position on 19 February 2021.[1][2]

The autocephalous Serbian Archbishopric was founded in 1219 by Sava, under the authority of the ecumenical patriarch of Constantinople. In 1346, when Stefan Du?an proclaimed himself emperor, he also elevated the archiepiscopal see of Pe? to the rank of a patriarchate, creating the Serbian Patriarchate of Pe?. This was only recognized by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople in 1375.

After the Ottoman conquest of the Serbian Despotate in 1459, the patriarchate gradually lost its importance. At times the church was forced by the Ottoman government to install Greeks in the office. From 1766 to 1920 the patriarchate was abolished and all ecclesiastical jurisdiction was given to the patriarch of Constantinople. A metropolitan see was maintained in Belgrade from 1766 afterwards. There were also independent Serbian Orthodox sees based in Karlovci and in Montenegro.

In 1920, the church was reunified and the patriarchy was reestablished with the see moving to Belgrade, but retaining the lineage of the throne of Saint Sava in Pe?. The patriarch holds ecclesiastical authority over the Orthodox Church in the territory of the former Yugoslavia, and also over the Serbian Orthodox diaspora in Western Europe, Australia, and the Americas.

Styles[edit]

Currently, the style of the head of the Serbian Orthodox Church is "Archbishop of Pe?, Metropolitan of Belgrade and Karlovci, and Serbian Patriarch" (忘把抒我快扭我扼抗抉扭 扭快?抗我, 技我找把抉扭抉抖我找 忌快抉忍把忘忱扼抗抉-抗忘把抖抉志忘折抗我 我 扭忘找把我?忘把抒 扼把扭扼抗我). The short title is "Serbian Patriarch" (扭忘找把我?忘把抒 扼把扭扼抗我). Historically, various styles have been used.

Archbishop Sava (s. 1219每33) was styled "Archbishop of Serb Lands" and "Archbishop of Serb Lands and the Littoral" in the Vranjina charter,[3] while Domentijan (fl. 1253) used the style "Archbishop of all the Serbian and coastal lands" when speaking of Sava.[4] The fresco of Sava at Mile?eva calls him "the first Archbishop of All Serb and Diocletian Lands".[5] Archbishop Sava III (s. 1309每16) was styled "Archbishop of All Serb and Littoral Lands".[6]

Legend[edit]

     Venerated to sainthood      Also served as Metropolitan of Karlovci
     Also served as Metropolitan of Belgrade      Current Serbian Patriarch

Archbishops, 1219–1346[edit]

Serbian Archbishopric (1219–1346)
No. Primate Portrait Reign Notes
1 Sava
妊忘志忘
Sabbas
Saint Sava, fresco from Mile?eva.jpg 1219每1233 First Archbishop of the autocephalous Serbian Church.
Seated at ?i?a.
Styled "Archbishop of Serb Lands and the Littoral".
Born at Ras as Rastko Nemanji? / 妓忘扼找抗抉 妖快技忘?我?.
2 Arsenije I
均把扼快扶我?快 I
Arsenius I
Saint Arsenije I Sremac.jpeg 1233每1263 Sava's disciple.
Moved the seat to Pe? amid foreign invasion.[7]
Born in Syrmia.
3 Sava II
妊忘志忘 II
Sabbas II
Loza Nemanjica Decani e 5.jpg 1263每1271 Sava's nephew.
Born at Ras as Predislav Nemanji? / 妤把快忱我扼抖忘志 妖快技忘?我?.
4 Danilo I
坏忘扶我抖抉 I
Daniel I
No image.png 1271每1272 Replaced due to unknown reason.[8]
5 Joanikije I
?抉忘扶我抗我?快 I
Joannicius I
No image.png 1272每1276 Disciple of Sava II. Buried at Sopo?ani.
Seat vacant 1276–1279
6 Jevstatije I
?快志扼找忘找我?快 I
Eustathius I
Jevstatije2.jpg 1279每4 January 1286 Moved the seat to ?i?a in 1285.[7]
Relics buried at Patriarchate of Pe?.
Born in Budimlje.
7 Jakov I
?忘抗抉志 I
Jacob I
No image.png 1286每1292 Moved the seat to Pe? in 1291 amid foreign invasion,[7] likely final transfer.[9]
8 Jevstatije II
?快志扼找忘找我?快 II
Eustathius II
No image.png 1292每1309 Established seven new eparchies.
9 Sava III
妊忘志忘 III
Sabbas III
No image.png 1309每1316 Styled "Archbishop of All Serb and Maritime Lands".
10 Nikodim I
妖我抗抉忱我技 I
Nicodemus I
Stefan Decanski Coronation.jpg 1316每1324 Co-founder of the Vratna monastery.
11 Danilo II
坏忘扶我抖抉 II
Daniel II
DaniloII.jpg 1324每1337 Hagiographer.
12 Joanikije II
?抉忘扶我抗我?快 II
Joannicius II
Joanikije II.jpg 3 January 1338每6 April 1346 Elevated to Patriarch.
Born in Prizren.

Patriarchs, 1346–1766[edit]

First Serbian Patriarchate of Pe? (1346–1463)
No. Primate Portrait Reign Notes
1 Joanikije II
?抉忘扶我抗我?快 II
Joannicius II
Joanikije II.jpg 6 April 1346每3 September 1354 First Patriarch of the Serbian Church.
Elevated during the coronation of Emperor Du?an.
Seated at Pe?.
Styled "Archbishop of Pe? and Patriarch of all Serb Lands and the Maritime".
Born in Prizren.
2 Sava IV
妊忘志忘 IV
Sabbas IV
No image.png 1354每1375
3 Jefrem I
?快扳把快技 I
Ephraem I
Serbian Patriarch Jefrem.jpg 3 October 1375每1380 First tenure.
4 Spiridon I
妊扭我把我忱抉扶 I
Spyridon I
Serbian Patriarch Spiridon.jpg 1380每11 August 1389
(3) Jefrem I
?快扳把快技 I
Ephraem I
Serbian Patriarch Jefrem.jpg 1389每1390 Second tenure.
5 Danilo III
坏忘扶我抖抉 III
Daniel III
Serbian Patriarch Danilo III.jpg 1390每1396
6 Sava V
妊忘志忘 V
Sabbas V
No image.png 1396每1406
7 Danilo IV
坏忘扶我抖抉 IV
Daniel IV
No image.png 1406
8 Kirilo I
妞我把我抖抉 I
Cyril I
No image.png 1407每1419
9 Nikon I
妖我抗抉扶 I
Nicon I
No image.png 1420每1435
10 Teofan I
妥快抉扳忘扶 I
Theophanes I
No image.png 1435每1446
11 Nikodim II
妖我抗抉忱我技 II
Nicodemus II
No image.png 1446每1455
12 Arsenije II
均把扼快扶我?快 II
Arsenius II
No image.png 1457每1463
First Ottoman abolishment (1463–1557)[A]
See vacant due to Ottoman abolition and transfer of jurisdiction to Archbishopric of Ohrid
No. Primate Portrait Reign Notes
Jovan I
?抉志忘扶 I
John I
No image.png 1508 Mentioned as "Guardian of the Throne of Saint Sava".
Marko
妙忘把抗抉
Mark
No image.png 1524 Styled "Serbian Metropolitan".
Pavle I
妤忘志抖快 I
Paul I
No image.png 1526每1541 Styled "Metropolitan of Smederevo".
Attempted to restore Serbian Patriarchate on few occasions between 1526 and 1541, succeeding briefly.
Second Serbian Patriarchate of Pe? (1557–1766)
No. Primate Portrait Reign Notes
13 Makarije I
妙忘抗忘把我?快 I
Macarius I
Makarije Sokolovic.jpg 1557每1571 Seated at Pe?.
Full style "Archbishop of Pe? and Patriarch of Serbs and Bulgarians"
Basic style "Archbishop of Pe? and Serbian Patriarch".
Born in Vi?egrad, surnamed Sokolovi? (妊抉抗抉抖抉志我?).
14 Antonije I
均扶找抉扶我?快 I
Anthony I
No image.png 1571每1575 Surnamed Sokolovi? (妊抉抗抉抖抉志我?).
15 Gerasim I
坐快把忘扼我技 I
Gerasimus I
No image.png 1575每1586 Surnamed Sokolovi? (妊抉抗抉抖抉志我?).
16 Savatije I
妊忘志忘找我?快 I
Sabbatios I
Savatije Sokolovi?.jpg 1586 Born in Prijepolje, surnamed Sokolovi? (妊抉抗抉抖抉志我?).
17 Nikanor I
妖我抗忘扶抉把 I
Nicanor I
No image.png 1588 Records lacking
18 Jerotej I
?快把抉找快? I
Hieroteos I
No image.png 1589每1590
19 Filip I
孜我抖我扭 I
Philip I
No image.png 1591每1592
20 Jovan II
?抉志忘扶 II
John II
Jovan Kantul, by Georgije Mitrofanovi?.jpg 1592每1613 Surnamed Kantul (妞忘扶找批抖).
21 Pajsije I
妤忘?扼我?快 I
Paisius I
PatrijarhPajsije.jpg 1614每1647 Born in Janjevo.
22 Gavrilo I
坐忘志把我抖抉 I
Gabriel I
Gavrilosrpski.jpg 1648每1655 Born in ?titkovo, surnamed Raji? (妓忘?我?).
23 Maksim
妙忘抗扼我技
Maxim
MaksimSkopljanac.jpg 1655每1674 Born in Skopje.
24 Arsenije III
均把扼快扶我?快 III
Arsenius III
Arsenije III.jpg 1674每1690 (1706) Leader of the First Serbian Migration into the Habsburg Monarchy. After 1690, reorganized and headed the branch of the Serbian Church in the Habsburg Monarchy.
Born in Cetinje, surnamed ?arnojevi? (完忘把扶抉?快志我?).
25 Kalinik I
妞忘抖我扶我抗 I
Callinicus I
No image.png 1691每1710 Ethnic Greek.
Maintained the Serbian Patriarchate in turbulent times after the First Serbian Migration from the Ottoman Empire.
Born in Skopje.
26 Atanasije I
均找忘扶忘扼我?快 I
Athanasius I
No image.png 1711每1712
27 Mojsije I
妙抉?扼我?快 I
Moses I
No image.png 1712每1725 Surnamed Rajovi? (妓忘?抉志我?).
28 Arsenije IV
均把扼快扶我?快 IV
Arsenius IV
Arsenije IV Jovanovi? ?akabenta.jpg 1725每1737 Leader of the Second Serbian Migration into the Habsburg Monarchy.
Born in Pe?, surnamed Jovanovi? ?akabenta (?抉志忘扶抉志我? 宋忘抗忘忌快扶找忘).
29 Joanikije III
?抉忘扶我抗我?快 III
Joannicius III
No image.png 1739每1746 Ethnic Greek.
Afterwards reigned as Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, from 1761 to 1763.
Surnamed Karad?a (妞忘把忘?忘).
30 Atanasije II
均找忘扶忘扼我?快 II
Athanasius II
No image.png 1746每1752 Born in Skopje, surnamed Gavrilovi? (坐忘志把我抖抉志我?).
31 Gavrilo II
坐忘志把我抖抉 II
Gabriel II
No image.png 1752 Born in Sarajevo, surnamed Mihajlovi? (妙我抒忘?抖抉志我?).
32 Gavrilo III
坐忘志把我抖抉 III
Gabriel III
No image.png 1752每1758 Bynamed Nikolin (妖我抗抉抖我扶).
33 Vikentije I
圾我抗快扶找我?快 I
Vicentius I
No image.png 1758 Surnamed Stefanovi? (妊找快扳忘扶抉志我?).
34 Pajsije II
妤忘?扼我?快 II
Paisius II
No image.png 1758 Ethnic Greek.
35 Gavrilo IV
坐忘志把我抖抉 IV
Gabriel IV
No image.png 1758 Ethnic Greek.
36 Kirilo II
妞我把我抖抉 II
Cyril II
No image.png 1758每1763
37 Vasilije
圾忘扼我抖我?快
Basil
No image.png 1763每1765 Surnamed Jovanovi?-Brki? (?抉志忘扶抉志我?-坎把抗我?).
38 Kalinik II
妞忘抖我扶我抗 II
Callinicus II
No image.png 1765每1766 Ethnic Greek.
Resigned as Patriarch, effectively abolishing the post and relegating it to the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople.
Second Ottoman abolishment (1766–1920)
After the Ottoman Empire abolished the Serbian Patriarchate of Pe? for the second and final time in 1766, the Serbian Orthodox population within the Ottoman Empire was subject to the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople until 1920. Due to the Great Turkish War between the Ottoman Empire and the Holy League, a large number of Serbs migrated to the Habsburg Monarchy in 1690. This caused the establishment of a metropolitanate in Karlovci in 1708. This see was elevated to a patriarchate in 1848, as a reward to Serbs who supported the Habsburgs during the 1848每49 revolutions. After the founding of the Principality of Serbia, the autonomous Metropolitanate of Belgrade was created in 1831, under the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. It gained full autocephaly in 1879 and merged in 1920 with the Patriarchate of Karlovci and the Metropolitanate of Montenegro to form the unified Serbian Orthodox Church.

Patriarchs, 1920–present[edit]

Serbian Patriarchate of Belgrade (Pe?) (1920–present)
No. Primate Portrait Reign Notes
39 Dimitrije
坏我技我找把我?快
Demetrius
坏我技我找把我?快 (妤忘志抖抉志我?).jpg 12 September 1920 6 April 1930 First Patriarch of the reunified Serbian Church.
Seated at Belgrade.
Styled "Archbishop of Pe?, Metropolitan of Belgrade and Karlovci, and Serbian Patriarch"[B]
Born in Po?arevac as Dimitrije Pavlovi? / 坏我技我找把我?快 妤忘志抖抉志我?.
40 Varnava
圾忘把扶忘志忘
Barnabas
妤忘找把我忘把抒 圾忘把扶忘志忘.jpg 12 May 1930 23 July 1937 Died under unclear circumstances (possible poisoning).
Born in Pljevlja as Petar Rosi? / 妤快找忘把 妓抉扼我?.
41 Gavrilo V
坐a志把我抖o V
Gabriel V
妤忘找把我?忘把抒 坐忘志把我抖抉 (坏抉忪我?).jpg 21 February 1938 7 May 1950 Commonly known as Gavrilo.
Born in Vrujci as Gavrilo Do?i? / 坐a志把我抖o 坏o忪我?.
42 Vikentije II
圾我抗快扶找我?快 II
Vicentius II
No image.png 1 July 1950 5 July 1958 Died under unclear circumstances (possible poisoning).
Commonly known as Vikentije.
Born in Ba?ko Petrovo Selo as Vitomir Prodanov / 圾我找抉技我把 妤把抉忱忘扶抉志.
43 German
坐快把技忘扶
Herman
Patrijarh Srpski German by Stevan Kragujevic.JPG 14 September 1958 30 November 1990 Longest reigning Patriarch (32 years, 1 month, 17 days).
The only retired Patriarch during his life; died on 27 August 1991.
Born in Jo?ani?ka Banja as Hranislav ?ori? / 孚把忘扶我扼抖忘志 ?抉把我?.
44 Pavle
妤忘志抖快
Paul
Patrijarh Pavle.jpg 1 December 1990 15 November 2009[10] Born in Ku?anci as Gojko Stoj?evi? / 坐抉?抗抉 妊找抉?折快志我?.
45 Irinej
妒把我扶快?
Irenaeus
妤忘找把我忘把抒 妊快把忌扼抗我抄 妒把我扶快抄 (cropped).jpg 23 January 2010[11][12] 20 November 2020[13] Born in Vidova as Miroslav Gavrilovi? / 妙我把抉扼抖忘志 坐忘志把我抖抉志我?.
46 Porfirije
妤抉把扳我把我?快
Porphyrius
46 Patriarch of Serbia cropped.jpg 19 February 2021[1][2] Incumbent Born in Be?ej as Prvoslav Peri? / 妤把志抉扼抖忘志 妤快把我?.

See also[edit]

Annotations[edit]

  • A The Ottomans did not recognize the official title of "Archbishop of Pe? and Serbian Patriarch". However, church records still record these three men as Patriarchs even though they did not serve in full title. They were still known as the guardians or protectors of the "throne of Saint Sava".
  • B The patriarchs hold the title of Archbishop of Pe?, Metropolitan of Belgrade and Karlovci, and Serbian Patriarch and are considered the successors to the Patriarchal throne of Pe?. However, the Patriarchy is based in Belgrade, Serbia.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Metropolitan Porfirije of Zagreb and Ljubljana elected for a new Patriarch of Serbia". spc.rs. 18 February 2021. Retrieved 19 February 2021.
  2. ^ a b "His Holiness Porfirije, Archbishop of Pec, Metropolitan of Belgrade and Karlovci and Serbian Patriarch enthroned". spc.rs. 19 February 2021. Retrieved 19 February 2021.
  3. ^ Miklosich 1858, pp. 18每19.
  4. ^ Radovan Samard?i?; Milan Du?kov (1993). Serbs in European civilization. Nova. p. 27. ISBN 978-86-7583-015-3.
  5. ^ Svetislav Mandi? (1986). Velika gospoda sve srpske zemlje i drugi prosopografski prilozi. Srpska knji?evna zadruga. p. 69.
  6. ^ Miklosich 1858, pp. 76每77, 82每83.
  7. ^ a b c Marjanovi? 2001, p. 73.
  8. ^ Slijep?evi? 2002.
  9. ^ Bogdanovi? 1972, p. 29.
  10. ^ "Patriarch of Serbia reposed in the Lord". spc.rs. 23 November 2009. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  11. ^ "Bishop of Nis Irinej elected for a new Patriarch of Serbia". spc.rs. 22 January 2010. Retrieved 19 February 2021.
  12. ^ "Enthronement of Patriarch Irinej of Serbia". spc.rs. 23 January 2010. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  13. ^ "Serbian Patriarch Irinej reposed in the Lord". spc.rs. 20 November 2020. Retrieved 14 February 2021.

Sources[edit]

  • Slijep?evi?, Djoko (1962). 妒扼找抉把我?忘 妊把扭扼抗快 扭把忘志抉扼抖忘志扶快 扯把抗志快 (History of the Serbian Orthodox Church). 抗?. 1. 妙我扶抒快扶: 妒扼抗把忘.
  • Slijep?evi?, Djoko (1966). 妒扼找抉把我?忘 妊把扭扼抗快 扭把忘志抉扼抖忘志扶快 扯把抗志快 (History of the Serbian Orthodox Church). 抗?. 2. 妙我扶抒快扶: 妒扼抗把忘.
  • Slijep?evi?, Djoko (1986). 妒扼找抉把我?忘 妊把扭扼抗快 扭把忘志抉扼抖忘志扶快 扯把抗志快 (History of the Serbian Orthodox Church). 抗?. 3. 妞快抖扶: 妒扼抗把忘.
  • Bogdanovi?, Dimitrije (1972). Likovi svetitelja (in Serbian). Glavni savez udru?enog pravoslavnog sve?tenstva SFRJ.
  • Du?i?, Ni?ifor (1894). Istorija Srpske pravoslavne crkve od prvijeh desetina VII v. do na?ih dana (in Serbian). Dr?. stamp Kralj. Srbije.
  • Marjanovi?, ?edomir (2001). Istorija Srpske crkve. Ars Libri.
  • Miklosich, Franz (1858). Monumenta Serbica spectantia historiam Serbiae, Bosnae, Ragusii. Vienna: apud Guilelmum Braum邦ller.
  • Pavlovich, Paul (1989). The History of the Serbian Orthodox Church. Serbian Heritage Books. ISBN 978-0-9691331-2-4.
  • Sava, Bishop of ?umadija (1996). Srpski jerarsi: od devetog do dvadesetog veka (in Serbian). Evro.

External links[edit]

  • Serbian Orthodox Church, history at spc.rs
  • Pages on most of the Serbian Patriarchs (in Serbian)
  • Kosovo.com: another list of Serbian Patriarchs
  • Hierarchical Succession of the Patriarchal See of Serbia from the Orthodox Research Institute